Courtesy of Wynn W. CudmoreChemeketa Communtiy College
8 January 1997
Tom Rodgers takes Plane Surveying course to site for field lab. Students look for corners, boundaries, etc. as a starting point. Tom looks into other surveying and wetland restoration work done nearby by ODOT and passes along a contact to me for contact. Apparently there was one "endangered plant species" found at that site. Tom wants to know about clearing more access trails - I must prioritize locating permanent plots and establishing a permanent as an anchor point. I have ordered a 1993 publication from GWEB called "Photo Points" for reference.
10 January 1997
Final input on sign made via telephone to Marion Co. DPW. Should be put up by 17 January.
31 January 1997
Sign is up.
Visited site with OSU student to lay out permanent plots in forested area.
Surveying course (Tom Rodgers) is visiting site every Tuesday for their labs. GPS units are being used to locate points and maps are being generated by Forestry students.
16 March 1997
Arranged with Tom Jenkins of Native Plant Society to have Aumsville Site included in database for new floral survey - The Oregon Flora Project . Plant communities throughout the state will be identified and mapped using GPS. Scott Sundberg of ??? is heading up this new project.
Tom Jenkins is bringing up proposal to NPS meeting tomorrow - we will arrange field trip after this meeting to create a plant list for the site.
18 March 1997
Visited site from 12:30 - 3:00 PM with Rick O'Hara to conduct amphibian survey. Examined margins of all ponds and found the following:
10 floating egg masses that appear to be Rana aurora. Collected approx. 20 for development in lab to verify. Masses are approximately 8" diameter, attached to emergent green vegetation; larvae are developed to early tailed stage in all but one mass which was recently laid and has eggs still as perfect spheres. 4 egg masses were seen in rectangular ponds; others were seen in small ponds behind first pond on right as property is entered. This area also contains a marshy, rush wetland of several 100 square feet.
8 frogs jumping from edge of pond into water -most appear to be bullfrogs but at least one was probably Rana aurora.
40 newts in various ponds, some in amplexus.
muskratbeaver workingsDeer mouse - dead on trailGreat blue heronSong sparrowNorthern flickerBuffleheadMallard
1 April 1997
Visited site alone from 2-4:30 PM to plan for Bi 133 Lab and to look for amphibians and birds. Two beaver seen in large pond.
NOTE: Rick visited site on Saturday (29 March) and saw several bullfrogs in ditch, probable Rana aurora on banks.
Most Rana aurora egg masses recorded in previous visit have hatched. Four new Rana egg masses seen behind Pond #1. Collected some additional eggs for development in A.E.L. Rick continues to raise tadpoles from last visit.
Several bullfrog juveniles and adults seen along ditch
Newts seen in ponds - 3
Considered having students lay out bird sampling stations at next Aumsivlles Field trip in addition to other activities (amphibian survey, collect zooplankton and water samples, seine, minnow traps, etc.). Should work along trails - 150 m intervals? Recorded the following birds on this trip (partly cloudy to sunny, 52 degrees F):
Stellar's jay Song sparrow - 3 Turkey vulture - 3 perched on snagsNorthern flicker Fox sparrow Violet green swallow - feeding over pondCanada goose - pair on pond and pair nesting on small island behind pond #1Sharp-shinned hawk - immature, perched in treeAmerican robinRed-breasted nuthatch - heard 3Pileated woodpecker - saw feeding on cottonwoodMourning dove - heardAmerican crowUnidentified ducks on pond - 2 pairs
5 April 1997
Talked to Maggie Meikle of Salem Audubon Society about bird surveys at Aumsville site. She suggested that I contact Roy Gerig to discuss monitoring methodology. I talked to Roy at Baskett Slough Wildlife Refuge Open House today. He suggested:
10-20 Variable Circular plots at 100 m spacing and 50 m limit on each sample
Mark sample stations with Aluminum tags on natural vegetation or sink rebar
Would be best to take breeding bird data (or even better samples every 10 days around the year) Break up data sheets into recordings for first 3 minutes, next 8 minutes, etc.....
He suggested contacting Terry Rich of Idaho , BLM for more details on methodology
Roy may be willing to visit site with us one day:Roy GerigConservation DirectorSalem Audubon Society
9 April 1997
In preparation for Bi 133 Amphibian Survey Lab I visited site and set 6 unbaited minnow traps in first large pond and small pond behind.
10 April 1997
Terry Rich BLM Boise Idaho returned my call about bird monitoring. Terry has been a biologist with BLM for 17 years and is Nongame Bird Program Manager.
He had the following suggestions for bird monitoring at the Aumsville Site:
1. Checklist Method is becoming more accepted as the best way to measure bird communities. It is the way that most people "bird". Simply record species observed (seen or heard) and number of each along a prescribed route. Strength of this method is in repetition therefore frequent visits are recommended. There are plans for a national database that will be managed by Cornell University that data could be entered into.
2. Point Counts are another alternative during breeding season for breeding/singing /nesting birds. Stations are established ahead of time; records are made at each station for at least 3 minutes and may be spread out in various ways over longer periods of time. This is similar to Jay Wright's method and VCP is a variation on this method with distance estimates incorporated.
3. Complete Counts of waterfowl on ponds
Any of these methods could be made more manageable by narrowing species number to 5, 10 or 15 species of particular interest and having students focus on those.
Terry agreed to send data sheets for all methods. This will be very useful.
Brought Bi 133 class to site for Amphibian Survey lab. Pulled minnow traps, seined small rush pond and took pH and zooplankton samples from 2 ponds.
ADD TO BIRD LIST(seen today):
Scrub Jay - 1Wood Ducks - 2Unknown woodpecker feeding high on snag (I had no binocs)
SUMMARIZED RESULTS OF 10 APRIL 1997 FIELD TRIP TO AUMSVILLE SITE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
LOCATION: Aumsville Site for Environmental Studies
DESCRIPTION OF HABITAT: Small ponds in Cottonwood/Douglas Fir
OBSERVERS: Bi 133 Environmental Science Class
DATE: April 10, 1997 AIR TEMPERATURE: approx. 55-57 F
TIME: 9-noon WATER TEMPERATURE: NR
WEATHER: Partly cloudy
DATA SHEET - SEINE AND DIP NET SAMPLING
SPECIFIC LOCATIONOF SAMPLE
NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS
DATA SHEET - MINNOW TRAP SAMPLING
SPECIFIC LOCATION OF SAMPLE
DATA SHEET - pH AND TEMPERATURE
April 22, 1997
Visited site to collect "pioneers" for Bi 133 Cultural Eutrophication Lab
May 1, 1997
May 29, 1997
Visited site with 2 Env. Science students (Tom Vanderhoof and Tammy Hotch) to prepare for field trip with NPS in 2 days. Primarily clearing trails of blackberry for access.
Birds:Red-breasted sapsuckerWestern wood peeweeSong sparrowStellar's jayScrub jay
May 31, 1997
Organized field trip to site with CCC faculty and Native Plant Society of Oregon. Tom Jenkins and Claire Hibler were NPS contacts. Bad weather - only 7 participants. But we did identify a number of interesting plants (see Aumsville plant List) and recorded some new birds for the site:
Western wood peewee Great blue heronMourning Dove Turkey vultureWestern tanagerCedar waxwing
July 22, 1997
Attended Flight Tour at invitation of Bob Hansen to examine possible Wetland Mitigation Bank sites for Marion County. Several are under consideration and were flown over by small plane taking off out of Buswell Aviation, Salem at 12:30 PM, return at approx. 2:00 PM. Others on flight = Jeanne Fromme, Bob Hansen, onion farmer from Labish Ditch, NCRS person, Salem Parks Commission representative and Randy Franke - Marion Co. Commissioner. I took several photos of prospective sites and other Willamette Valley shots including a couple of shots of Aumsville site - Good stuff.
Flight is part of "Potential Wetland Mitigation Bank Project" for Marion County. Jeanne Fromme describes criteria that must be met:
1. 5 miles outside UGB2. Is there a need - i.e. Can you sell credits?3. Is it ecologically advisable? Does it provide some wildlife habitat (e.g wet meadow)?4. Is it technologically feasible?5. Does it provide some flood control?6. Does it provide some pollution mitigation or control for east Salem?
There is a "Local Wetland Inventory project" being done on GIS - once this site is identified, documentation of selection process goes to Division of State Lands for review. Long term monitoring of the site is a requirement. Local watershed councils should be involved.
- Craig Thompson and Tom Fry (588-5036) are Marion Co. GIS people
- Farm Service Agency on Wolverine (near CCC) has aerial photos for Marion Co. sites - NCRS person
July 29, 1997
Conducted site tour with Bob Hansen of several Marion County developed and undeveloped park sites. Marion Co. map has sites identified and smaller maps give detail. These park sites have recently (July 1, 1997) come under Marion Co. management from the City of Salem. Money to develop these parks comes from fees on Recreational Vehicles and some money must be used to develop these areas for RV use. Bob would like to see this development/improvement occur in those sites that already have some development in them and manage the others as "wildlife refuges" or "habitat preserves". I was asked to look at the sites and evaluate their potential for educational use and as wildlife refuges.
The sites are:
1. Bonesteele Property - 31 acres of mature Douglas fir, grand fir forest with small creek that runs through middle of property. Easy access and parking at gated entrance adjacent to grazed field. This site is ideally suited to edge effect lab but call Bob first to notify adjacent landowner. We discussed possibility of building a pond on the site. Red tail hawk roosting on large Doug fir along edge of property.
2. Santiam River Delta - 97 acres of cottonwood/alder floodplain forest along braided Santiam River. Access is via Colgan Rd. at N end of property. Mainstem Santiam and smaller braids are excellent stream sites for stream macroinvertebrate studies, et. al. Saw western pond turtle in small braid. Southern end is a block of mature cottonwood forest with 4-wheeler trails throughout. Weyerhaueser Nursery with greenhouses lies to S of property.
3. Coin Property - 11 acres of ash swale, Garry oak, doug fir forest. Poorest access and least interesting of the 3 sites. Did not walk the site - only saw from a distance. Access was via an unnamed road to N of property which was difficult to see from Skyline Rd. Probably not useable for classes.
Provide to Bob:
1. Proposal for use of sites for educational purposes2. Summary report on Aumsville site3. Consider a S/J article on the CCC-Marion Co. relationship4. NCSR brochure and video5. Bioscience article on Value of Small Reserves