What is a developmental disability?
A developmental disability is a disability diagnosed as a mental or physical condition or a combination of mental and physical conditions resulting in significant impairments to daily functioning. The disability:
- Must have its origin in the brain
- Must be established prior to the age of 22, or in the case of mental retardation the condition must be determined before 18 years of age
- Must be expected to last indefinitely
- Must result in significant impairments in at least two areas of daily functioning: self care, communication, cognitive, mobility, self direction, capacity for independent living and economic self sufficiency
- The impairments must not be primarily related to: mental illness, substance abuse, an emotional disorder, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a learning disability or sensory impairment
The most common developmental disabilities include: mental retardation, Down syndrome, autism, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and fetal alcohol effect or fetal alcohol syndrome.
Source: State of Oregon Developmental Disabilities: http://www.oregon.gov/DHS/dd
The State of Oregon, Department of Human Services, Seniors and People with Disabilities contracts with each County to provide a variety of services to individuals with developmental disabilities, through local Community Developmental Disabilities (CDDP). Marion County Developmental Disability Services participates with the Marion County Health Department in planning and developing resources, coordinating services, and negotiating and monitoring contracts.
Marion County provides case management to children and adults who have developmental disabilities. Developmental disabilities are a diverse group of severe chronic conditions that are due to mental and/or physical impairments. People with developmental disabilities have problems with major life activities such as language, mobility, learning, self-help, and independent living; however, they can live healthy lives.
Developmental disabilities begin anytime during development up to 22 years of age and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime. Our services include intake and eligibility determination, case management services, residential services, vocational services for adults, in-home services, transportation services for adults, crisis
services, and referral to brokerage services for adults.