HIV & AIDS
Marion County Public Health Clinic
3160 Center Street NE Salem, OR 97301
What is HIV & AIDS?
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system. Left untreated, HIV can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), which is the most advanced stage of HIV infection. There is no cure for HIV, but it can be controlled with proper treatment.
According to End HIV Oregon, our state averages about 200 new HIV cases each year. This is a lower rate compared to other parts of the country. However, there are still people living in Oregon who have HIV and don’t know it.
HIV is transmitted by coming into direct contact with certain body fluids from a person with HIV,
who has a detectable viral load. These fluids are:
- Semen and pre-seminal fluid
- Rectal fluids
- Vaginal fluids
- Breast milk
In our country, HIV is most spread by:
- Having condomless anal or vaginal sex with someone who has HIV
- Sharing injection drug equipment (needles, syringes, etc) with someone who has HIV
A less common way of spreading HIV is an HIV-positive person transmitting HIV to their baby
during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.
not spread by:
- Air or water
- Mosquitoes, ticks, or other insects
- Shaking hands; hugging; sharing toilets; sharing dishes, silverware, or drinking glasses
- Drinking fountains
- Donating blood
To learn more about HIV, visit
Disclaimer: This site contains HIV prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences.
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Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
To report a public health emergency, or make an urgent report of communicable disease, call (503) 588-5621 at anytime.